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Caution - under development

We are still validating and fixing specific models. Between bug fixes in flight and releases running behind, we don't expect that you will be able to do a lot of advanced things without using nightly releases or working with us.

Stay tuned and join the discussion in our Discord server's #pytorch channel.

Overviewlink

iree-turbine (rebrand pending from SHARK-Turbine) offers a tight integration between compatible versions of IREE, torch-mlir, and PyTorch.

  • Seamless integration with standard PyTorch workflows
  • Deployment support for running PyTorch models on cloud and edge devices
  • General purpose model compilation and execution tools

Both just-in-time (JIT) and ahead-of-time (AOT) workflows are supported:

graph LR
  accTitle: PyTorch integration overview
  accDescr {
    PyTorch programs can be optimized within a Python session with
    iree-turbine's just-in-time tools.
    PyTorch programs can be exported out of Python to native binaries using
    iree-turbine's ahead-of-time export toolkit.
  }

  subgraph Python
    pytorch(PyTorch)
    subgraph turbine [iree-turbine]
      jit("Eager execution (JIT)")
      aot("Export toolkit (AOT)")
    end

    pytorch --> jit
    jit --> pytorch
    pytorch --> aot
  end

  subgraph Native
    binary(["binary (.vmfb)"])
  end

  aot -.-> binary

Prerequisiteslink

Install a recent version of PyTorch (2.3.0+, prerelease as of April 2024):

python -m pip install \
  --pre --index-url https://download.pytorch.org/whl/test/cpu torch==2.3.0

Install iree-turbine:

python -m pip install iree-turbine

Just-in-time (JIT) executionlink

Just-in-time integration allows for Python code using TorchDynamo to optimize PyTorch models/functions using IREE, all within an interactive Python session.

graph TD
  accTitle: PyTorch JIT workflow overview
  accDescr {
    Programs start as either PyTorch nn.Module objects or callable functions.
    Programs are compiled into optimized modules using torch.compile.
    Within torch.compile, Dynamo runs the program through Turbine and IREE.
  }

  subgraph Python
    input([nn.Module / function])

    subgraph compile ["torch.compile()"]
      direction LR
      dynamo{{TorchDynamo}}
      turbine{{iree-turbine}}
      iree{{IREE}}
      dynamo --> turbine --> iree
    end

    output([Optimized module])
    input --> compile --> output
  end

For deployment outside of Python, see the ahead-of-time sections below.

Quickstartlink

Turbine integrates into PyTorch as a custom backend for torch.compile.

Behind the scenes, PyTorch captures the structure of the input model into a computation graph and feeds that graph through to the selected backend compiler.

import torch

# Define the `nn.Module` or Python function to run.
class LinearModule(torch.nn.Module):
  def __init__(self, in_features, out_features):
    super().__init__()
    self.weight = torch.nn.Parameter(torch.randn(in_features, out_features))
    self.bias = torch.nn.Parameter(torch.randn(out_features))

  def forward(self, input):
    return (input @ self.weight) + self.bias

linear_module = LinearModule(4, 3)

# Compile the program using the turbine backend.(1)
opt_linear_module = torch.compile(linear_module, backend="turbine_cpu")

# Use the compiled program as you would the original program.
args = torch.randn(4)
turbine_output = opt_linear_module(args)
  1. Initial integration only supports CPU, but support for many of IREE's other targets is coming soon.

Sampleslink

Code samples
JIT compilation notebook Open in Colab
Simple MLP eager core/examples/eager_mlp/mlp_eager_simple.py

Ahead-of-time (AOT) exportlink

The ahead-of-time toolkit allows developers to define a program's structure in Python and then export deployment-ready artifacts that can be used in IREE's deployment configurations via the API bindings.

Simple APIlink

For simple models, a one-shot export API is available.

graph LR
  accTitle: PyTorch simple AOT workflow overview
  accDescr {
    Programs start as PyTorch nn.Module objects.
    Modules are exported using the "aot" API.
    Exported outputs are then compiled to .vmfb files with executable binaries.
  }

  subgraph Python
    input([nn.Module])
    export(["ExportOutput (MLIR)"])
    input -- "aot.export()" --> export
  end

  subgraph Native
    binary(["binary (.vmfb)"])
  end

  export -. "compile()" .-> binary
import iree.runtime as ireert
import numpy as np
import shark_turbine.aot as aot
import torch

# Define the `nn.Module` to export.
class LinearModule(torch.nn.Module):
  def __init__(self, in_features, out_features):
    super().__init__()
    self.weight = torch.nn.Parameter(torch.randn(in_features, out_features))
    self.bias = torch.nn.Parameter(torch.randn(out_features))

  def forward(self, input):
    return (input @ self.weight) + self.bias

linear_module = LinearModule(4, 3)

# Export the program using the simple API.
example_arg = torch.randn(4)
export_output = aot.export(linear_module, example_arg)

# Compile to a deployable artifact.
binary = export_output.compile(save_to=None)

# Use the IREE runtime API to test the compiled program.
config = ireert.Config("local-task")
vm_module = ireert.load_vm_module(
    ireert.VmModule.wrap_buffer(config.vm_instance, binary.map_memory()),
    config,
)
input = np.array([1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0], dtype=np.float32)
result = vm_module.main(input)
print(result.to_host())

Sampleslink

Code samples
Simple AOT export notebook Open in Colab
Simple MLP export core/examples/aot_mlp/mlp_export_simple.py

Advanced APIlink

For more complex models, an underlying advanced API is available that gives access to more features.

graph LR
  accTitle: PyTorch advanced AOT workflow overview
  accDescr {
    Programs are represented using the aot.CompiledModule class.
    CompiledModules can extend nn.Module objects, export globals, and set
    shapes and dtypes for each function.
    Modules are exported using the "aot" API.
    Exported outputs are then compiled to .vmfb files with executable binaries.
  }

  subgraph Python
    compiledmodule("aot.CompiledModule\n\n- extend nn.Module\n- export globals\n- set shapes/dtypes")
    export(["ExportOutput (MLIR)"])
    compiledmodule -- "aot.export()" --> export
  end

  subgraph Native
    binary(["binary (.vmfb)"])
  end

  export -. "compile()" .-> binary

Advanced export workflows can use the aot.CompiledModule class to define and constrain the structure of a program prior to compiling it.

import shark_turbine.aot as aot

# A minimal program, with no functions or variables.
class BasicModule(aot.CompiledModule):
  ...

# Create an instance of the program and convert it to MLIR.
from iree.compiler.ir import Context
instance = BasicModule(context=Context())
module_str = str(aot.CompiledModule.get_mlir_module(instance))

print(module_str)
# module @basic {
# }

Exporting functionslink

Exported functions are the API entry points into a compiled program.

Simple feed-forward neural networks used for inference may have a single exported function (typically called "forward"), while more complex programs can have multiple computation functions, initialization functions, "backward" methods for training, state management functions, debugging functions, etc.

  • Each instance method on a aot.CompiledModule-derived class is exported. These instance methods can include calls to other aot components, such as aot.jittable compute functions:

    class GetOnesModule(aot.CompiledModule):
      @aot.jittable
      def compute_ones():
        return torch.ones(3)
    
      def get_ones(self):
        return self.compute_ones()
    
  • Instance methods can use aot.AbstractTensor to specify data types:

    class IntSumModule(aot.CompiledModule):
      @aot.jittable
      def compute_sum(a, b):
        return a + b
    
      def sum_int32(
        self,
        a=aot.AbstractTensor(2, dtype=torch.int32),
        b=aot.AbstractTensor(2, dtype=torch.int32),
      ):
        return self.compute_sum(a, b)
    
  • Shapes can be made dynamic using aot.AbstractTensor and aot.jittable constraints:

    class DynamicSumModule(aot.CompiledModule):
      @aot.jittable
      def compute_sum(a, b):
        return a + b
    
      def sum_dynamic(
        self,
        a=aot.AbstractTensor(None),
        b=aot.AbstractTensor(None),
      ):
        return self.compute_sum(
            a,
            b,
            constraints=[
                a.dynamic_dim(0) == b.dynamic_dim(0),
            ],
        )
    

Global variableslink

Global variables are used to represent persistent state within a program instance.

For example, they can be used to represent the weights and biases in a neural network, and exporting these as mutable variables can allow for setting their values independently at runtime.

  • Individual globals can be exported using aot.export_global():

    state_example = torch.zeros([1], dtype=torch.int32)
    
    class SampleModule(aot.CompiledModule):
      value = aot.export_global(state_example, mutable=True)
    
      def get_value(self):
        return self.value
    
      def update_value(self, new_value=aot.abstractify(value)):
        self.value = new_value
    
  • All named parameters on a nn.Module can be exported using export_parameters():

    class SimpleParams(torch.nn.Module):
      def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        self.classifier = torch.nn.Linear(20, 30)
    
      def forward(self, x):
        return self.classifier(x)
    
    m = SimpleParams()
    
    class SimpleParamsModule(aot.CompiledModule):
      params = aot.export_parameters(m)
      compute = aot.jittable(m.forward)
    
      def run(self, x=aot.AbstractTensor(128, 20)):
        return self.compute(x)
    
      # torch.nn.Linear has 'weight' and 'bias' variables:
      #   https://pytorch.org/docs/stable/generated/torch.nn.Linear.html
      # Add getters for both exported parameters.
    
      def get_weight(self):
        return self.params["classifier.weight"]
    
      def get_bias(self):
        return self.params["classifier.bias"]
    

Sampleslink

Code samples
Advanced AOT export notebook Open in Colab
PyTorch dynamic shapes notebook Open In Colab
AOT unit tests core/tests/aot/
Dynamic MLP export core/examples/aot_mlp/mlp_export_dynamic.py
stateless llama2 models/turbine_models/custom_models/stateless_llama.py